Ankle arthritis can significantly limit a person’s ability to participate in everyday activities along with recreational and workplace activities and is usually characterized by pain and swelling.
The ankle joint is unique when compared to other joints in the lower extremity. The ankle cartilage is much smaller and has a smaller surface area than that of the hip and knee. Because of these differences this may protect the ankle from developing primary osteoarthritis. Osteoarthritis is the most common joint disease, and is a significant source of pain and disability for middle-aged and elderly people throughout the world. It occurs rarely in people under the age of 40. Typically ankle arthritis has been characterized as usually secondary to ankle trauma such as a sprain or break. Post-traumatic arthritis is the most common indication for arthritis in ankles.
When it comes to treating ankle arthritis there are numerous treatment options. Treatment will be dependent on the type of arthritis and other factors of the individual such as age, weight, and type of work, recreational activities and general health. When dealing with arthritis in the ankle, typically your health care provider will recommend a course of physical therapy. The therapy will help to overcome or lessen the pain and symptoms from your arthritis. Treatment may include some or all of the following:
Hydrotherapy – exercises in a warm-water pool. The water supports your weight and therefore puts less pressure on your muscles and joints.
Physical Therapy – helps to improve your general fitness and muscle strength, through specific exercises tailored to your condition and individual needs. It can be combined with pain-relieving treatments such as ice or heat packs and massage.
Working with a Physical Therapist can be beneficial to reducing your ankle pain. Click here to schedule your free consultation.